Development and Implementation Results of a Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis Guideline in a Tertiary Care Pediatric Hospital
OBJECTIVES: Incidence of pediatric venous thromboembolism (VTE) is increasing due to increased survival of children with chronic diseases and use of interventions (eg, central venous lines), with VTE risk. Our objective was to create VTE prophylaxis guidelines with targeted identification of children at high risk to support appropriate mechanical and pharmacologic prophylaxis and integrate into the electronic medical record (EMR) as a hospital-wide quality improvement project.
METHODS: Patients aged 12 to 17 years were included. We evaluated institutional data regarding VTE incidence and risk factors. We evaluated literature for populations at high risk for VTE. Guidelines were formulated, and an EMR tool to assess risk and support the guidelines was created and implemented.
RESULTS: The EMR tool was used to screen 48% of qualified admissions for the first month and 81% in the final study month. On average, 69.1% of qualified admissions were screened monthly during the first 18 months of the program. No adverse events were reported due to pharmacologic prophylaxis.
CONCLUSIONS: Many risk factors are common between children and adults and certain pediatric populations warrant prophylactic consideration. Pediatric VTE prophylaxis guidelines can be successfully implemented into the EMR to identify high-risk populations. Future studies should assess the long-term impact of implementation.
- Copyright © 2015 by the American Academy of Pediatrics