Impact of Parental Presence at Infants’ Bedside on Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome
BACKGROUND: Despite increased incidence of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) over the past decade, minimal data exist on benefits of parental presence at the bedside on NAS outcomes.
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between rates of parental presence and NAS outcomes.
METHODS: This was a retrospective, single-center cohort study of infants treated pharmacologically for NAS using a rooming-in model of care. Parental presence was documented every 4 hours with nursing cares. We obtained demographic data for mothers and infants and assessed covariates confounding NAS severity and time spent at the bedside. Outcomes included length of stay (LOS) at the hospital, extent of pharmacotherapy, and mean Finnegan withdrawal score. Multiple linear regression modeling assessed the association of parental presence with outcomes.
RESULTS: For the 86 mother–infant dyads, the mean parental presence during scoring was on average 54.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 48.8%–60.7%) of the infant’s hospitalization. Maximum (100%) parental presence was associated with a 9 day shorter LOS (r = –0.31; 95% CI, –0.48 to –0.10; P < .01), 8 fewer days of infant opioid therapy (r = –0.34; 95% CI, –0.52 to –0.15; P < .001), and 1 point lower mean Finnegan score (r = –0.35; 95% CI, –0.52 to –0.15; P < .01). After adjusting for breastfeeding, parental presence remained significantly associated with reduced NAS score and opioid treatment days.
CONCLUSIONS: More parental time spent at the infant's bedside was associated with decreased NAS severity. This has important implications for clinical practice guidelines for NAS.
- Copyright © 2017 by the American Academy of Pediatrics