TABLE 4

Comparison of Perinatal Risk Factors Leading to EOS Evaluation Among the Mother–Infant Pairs Undergoing EOS Evaluation Within and After 2 Hours of Life, N = 124

CharacteristicEvaluated Within 2 Hours (n = 101)Evaluated After 2 Hours (n = 23)P
Perinatal risk factors
 Maternal temperature
  No fever13 (12.9)3 (13).97
  100.4°F–100.9°F (38.0°C –38.28°C)37 (36.6)9 (39.1)
  ≥101°F (≥38.33°C)51 (50.5)11 (47.3)
 Inadequate GBS prophylaxis12 (11.9)4 (17.4).50
 Rupture of membranes ≥18 h26 (25.7)5 (21.7).8
 Chorioamnionitis26 (25.7)9 (39.1).21
 Maternal intrapartum antibioticsa85 (84.2)17 (73.9).24
  Administered 4 h before delivery41 (48.2)7 (41.2)
Infant outcomeb
 Breastfeeding initiation in 2 h54 (53.5)20 (87.0).004
  • Unless otherwise indicated, data are presented as n (%).

  • a Excludes antibiotics used for surgical prophylaxis in cesarean delivery.

  • b No blood culture–positive cases were present in either group.