Models control for nurse characteristics (BSN or higher degree; years of RN experience) and hospital characteristics (bed size, technology status, teaching status, type of children’s hospital). Work environment variables are hospital level. Nurse workload is nurse level. The dependent variable is nurse level. For the work environment, the reference group is the “poor” work environment subgroup of hospitals with 0 or 1 subscale above the sample median. Results were considered statistically significant at P < .05 for a 2-tailed test. CI, confidence interval.