OBJECTIVES: To determine the odds of premature compared with term infants exceeding the recommended radiation exposure threshold in the first year after discharge from birth hospitalization.
METHODS: In this observational retrospective cohort study, we compared the radiation exposure of premature and term infants between 2008 and 2015 in an urban hospital system. The primary outcome was crossing the radiation exposure threshold of 1 millisievert. We assessed prematurity’s effect on this outcome with multivariable logistic regression.
RESULTS: In our study, 20 049 term and 2047 preterm infants met inclusion criteria. The population was approximately one-half female, predominantly multiracial or people of color (40% African American and 44% multiracial), and of low socioeconomic status. Premature infants had 2.25 times greater odds of crossing the threshold compared with term infants after adjustment for demographics (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.66–3.05). Adjustment for complex chronic conditions, which are validated metrics of pediatric chronic illness, attenuated this association; however, premature infants still had 1.58 times greater odds of crossing the threshold (95% CI: 1.16–2.15). When the final model was analyzed by degree of prematurity, very preterm and extremely preterm infants were significantly more likely to cross the threshold (1.85 [95% CI: 1.03–3.32] and 2.53 [95% CI: 1.53–4.21], respectively), whereas late preterm infants were not (1.14 [95% CI: 0.73–1.78]).
CONCLUSIONS: Premature infants crossed the recommended radiation threshold more often than term infants in the year after discharge from birth hospitalization.
- Copyright © 2018 by the American Academy of Pediatrics