- Miren B. Dhudasia, MBBS, MPHa,b,
- Sagori Mukhopadhyay, MD, MMSca,b,c and
- Karen M. Puopolo, MD, PhDa,b,c
- aSection on Newborn Medicine, Pennsylvania Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania;
- bDivision of Neonatology, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and
- cDepartment of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- Address correspondence to Karen M. Puopolo, MD, PhD, Section on Newborn Medicine, Pennsylvania Hospital, 800 Spruce St, Philadelphia, PA 19107. E-mail:
Dr Dhudasia drafted the initial manuscript and performed the medical record review, data cleaning, and data analysis; Dr Mukhopadhyay designed the study, performed data analysis, and revised the manuscript; Dr Puopolo conceptualized and designed the study, performed data analysis, and reviewed and revised the manuscript; and all authors approved the final manuscript as submitted.