TABLE 2

Characteristics of CCC Hospitalizations for Patients Who Were TAD and CCC Hospitalizations Without a Transfer In or Out

Label and LevelAll CCC Cases, N = 549 489aTAD, n = 48 291 (8.8%)Not Transferred In or Out, n = 477 006 (86.8%)P
% (95% CI)% (95% CI)% (95% CI)
No. CCC diagnosesb
 Single CCC69.2 (68.2–70.2)65.7 (64.5–66.9)70.4 (69.3–71.5)<.001
 ≥2 CCCs30.8 (29.8–31.8)34.3 (33.1–35.5)29.6 (28.5–30.7)
Age categoryb
 <12 mo17.2 (16.8–17.7)23.6 (22.5–24.8)13.2 (12.8–13.7)<.001
 1–5 y20.8 (20.2–21.4)21.1 (20.3–21.8)21.9 (21.4–22.5)
 5–10 y14.7 (14.3–15.1)13.8 (13.2–14.4)15.6 (15.2–16.0)
 10–15 y16.2 (15.8–16.6)14.7 (14.1–15.2)17.1 (16.7–17.5)
 >15 y31.1 (29.9–32.2)26.8 (25.4–28.2)32.1 (30.8–33.4)
H-RISKc3.6 (3.5–3.8)4.5 (4.3–4.8)3.3 (3.2–3.4)<.001
Sexb
 Male52.2 (51.9–52.5)54.6 (53.9–55.3)51.7 (51.3–52.0)<.001
 Female47.8 (47.5–48.1)45.4 (44.7–46.1)48.3 (48.0–48.7)
Hospital bed sized
 Small9.6 (6.4–12.9)7.9 (4.5–11.3)9.7 (6.2–13.1).290
 Medium22.8 (16.8–28.7)22.4 (14.9–30.0)22.7 (16.5–29.0)
 Large67.6 (61.6–73.6)69.7 (62.3–77.0)67.6 (61.3–73.9)
Location and teaching status of hospitalb
 Rural3.1 (2.5–3.7)1.7 (0.5–3.0)2.9 (2.3–3.4).001
 Urban nonteaching11.2 (9.4–13.0)7.5 (5.6–9.4)10.5 (8.6–12.3)
 Urban teaching85.7 (83.7–87.8)90.8 (88.4–93.1)86.7 (84.6–88.8)
Hospital designation
 Not a children’s hospital35.9 (30.3–41.5)34.7 (27.4–42.0)37.9 (32.1–43.7).169
 Children hospital64.1 (58.5–69.7)65.3 (58.0–72.6)62.1 (56.3–67.9)
Primary expected payerb
 Medicare1.1 (0.9–1.2)0.9 (0.7–1.1)1.1 (0.9–1.3)<.001
 Medicaid48.8 (46.8–50.9)54.6 (52.2–56.9)47.9 (45.8–50.1)
 Private insurance41.5 (39.7–43.3)36.0 (33.5–38.4)42.3 (40.4–44.2)
 Self-pay2.6 (2.1–3.0)2.6 (2.1–3.0)2.5 (2.1–3.0)
 No charge0.2 (0.1–0.3)0.1 (0.0–0.2)0.2 (0.1–0.3)
 Other5.8 (4.3–7.4)5.9 (4.4–7.4)5.9 (4.2–7.6)
Race or ethnicityb
 White50.6 (47.7–53.4)52.2 (49.0–55.5)50.4 (47.4–53.4)<.001
 Black21.0 (19.3–22.7)19.4 (17.4–21.5)21.3 (19.5–23.0)
 Hispanic19.5 (16.8–22.2)17.5 (15.2–19.8)19.8 (16.9–22.7)
 Asian or Pacific Islander2.9 (2.4–3.4)2.6 (2.1–3.0)2.9 (2.4–3.4)
 Native American0.7 (0.5–1.0)1.4 (0.8–2.0)0.6 (0.4–0.8)
 Other5.3 (4.3–6.3)6.8 (5.6–8.1)5.0 (4.0–5.9)
Median household income national quartile for patient zip code, $b
 1–38 99930.0 (28.0–31.9)32.0 (29.4–34.5)29.7 (27.7–31.7)<.001
 39 000–47 99924.4 (23.3–25.4)26.8 (25.2–28.3)24.0 (22.9–25.1)
 48 000–62 99924.2 (23.2–25.2)22.4 (21.3–23.6)24.4 (23.4–25.5)
 63 000+21.5 (19.6–23.4)18.8 (16.2–21.4)21.9 (19.9–23.9)
  • —, not applicable.

  • a Cases with transfer information available. Includes all transfer categories.

  • b Proportions with 95% CIs were based on the weighted estimates of total numbers of cases.

  • c The H-RISK was introduced by Richardson et al20; values represent means and 95% CIs.

  • d The bed size definition varies according to region on the basis of the American Hospital Association survey of hospitals.