TABLE 1

Time Spent Communicating With Families on Admission by Clinician Type

Clinician TypeMinutesPa
Mean (95% CI)
Resident14.3 (10.2–19.9).04
NP19.0 (16.4–22.0)
Fellow7.3 (4.6–11.4)
Attending6.6 (3.3–13.0)
  • —, not applicable.

  • a Overall P = .04; fellow and attending significantly lower than resident (P = .0006 and P = .05, respectively) and NP (P < .0001 and P = .003, respectively).