TABLE 3

Results of ITS Analysis

Outcome, OR (95% CI)Period
Pre-20162016–20172016–2017aPost-2017Post-2017a
ED HFNC initiationReference1.30 (0.91–1.88)1.67 (1.12–2.49)*1.97 (1.14–3.43)*2.55 (1.39–4.68)*
AdmissionReference0.95 (0.79–1.14)1.16 (0.95–1.43)1.06 (0.77–1.45)1.18 (0.82–1.71)
PICU admissionReference1.33 (0.95–1.86)1.53 (0.95–3.20)1.51 (0.84–2.69)1.74 (0.95–3.20)
Transfer to PICUReference1.46 (0.76–2.80)1.53 (0.80–2.94)2.28 (0.80–6.49)2.32 (0.81–6.66)
IntubationReference1.15 (0.57–2.33)1.37 (0.65–2.88)3.75 (1.08–12.95)*4.93 (1.36–17.85)*
  • a Adjusted for age, ESI level, triage Spo2, and lowest ED Spo2.

  • * P < .05.