TABLE 1

Clinical Characteristics of Children Initiated on HFNC in the ED

No ED HFNC Initiation (n = 10 247)ED HFNC Initiation (n = 902)P
Age, median (IQR), d233 (141–384)262 (136–432).01
Male, %6089 (59.4)545 (60.4).98
Wt, mean (SD), kg8.58 (2.45)8.61 (2.42).69
Resuscitation bay activation, %591 (5.8)388 (43.0)<.01
ESI level, %<.01
 113 (0.1)16 (1.8)
 22936 (28.7)712 (79.5)
 34939 (48.3)150 (16.7)
 42132 (20.8)18 (2.0)
 5209 (2.0)0 (0.0)
Temperature, mean (SD), °F99.7 (1.6)99.8 (1.5).40
Fever, %2924 (28.6)269 (29.8).46
Respiratory rate, mean (SD)48.7 (12.6)54.7 (14.8)<.01
Pulse rate, mean (SD)153.0 (19.6)166.8 (20.0)<.01
Triage MAP, mean (SD)81.1 (12.6)83.7 (13.9)<.01
Triage o2 saturation, median (IQR)97 (95–99)95 (92–97)<.01
Triage hypoxia (o2 <90%), %207 (2.1)123 (13.6)<.01
Lowest ED o2 saturation, %<.01
 <90747 (7.4)249 (27.6)
 90–92809 (8.0)201 (22.2)
 93–941397 (13.9)205 (22.7)
 >957131 (70.7)247 (27.4)
  • IQR, interquartile range; MAP, mean arterial pressure; o2, oxygen.