TABLE 4

Health System Factors and Resource Utilization for Cases and Controls

PredictorControl Central TendencyControl, nCase Central TendencyCase, nP
Order for imaging as an inpatient
 Ultrasound, n (%)48 (68)7160 (85)71.02
 VCUG, n (%)24 (34)7143 (61)71.001
Wait time for imaging
 Ultrasound (h), median [IQR]13.8 [4.0–33.5]4622.6 [4.5–48.4]59.30
 VCUG (h), median [IQR]27.2 [19.8–47.1]2453.2 [39.6–90.1]43.002
Request for consult
 Any service, n (%)7 (10)7138 (54)71<.001
 Urology, n (%)2 (3)7113 (18)71.003
 Nephrology, n (%)2 (3)7111 (15)71.009
 Another service, n (%)4 (6)7128 (39)71<.001
Duration of IV antibiotic therapy (h), median [IQR]61.5 [49.4–71.8]70124.7 [91.1–164.4]70<.001
IV antibiotic therapy >48 h, n (%)54 (77)7068 (97)70<.001
  • IQR, interquartile range.