TABLE 1

Characteristics of Patients Admitted to the Hospital Admitted With Uncomplicated or Complicated Influenza During Initial Hospitalization by Treatment Groups

Uncomplicated InfluenzaComplicated Influenza
OverallOseltamivirNo OseltamivirPOverallOseltamivirNo OseltamivirP
61623808 (61.80)2354 (38.20)27371055 (38.55)1682 (61.45)
Male gender, n (%)3527 (57.24)2172 (57.04)1355 (57.56).6861544 (56.41)562 (53.27)982 (58.38).009
Race, n (%)
 Non-Hispanic white2041 (35.53)1209 (34.06)832 (37.92).001980 (38.78)419 (42.54)561 (36.38)<.001
 Non-Hispanic black1759 (30.62)1079 (30.39)680 (30.99)595 (23.55)239 (24.26)356 (23.09)
 Hispanic1561 (27.18)1029 (28.99)532 (24.25)766 (30.31)253 (25.69)513 (33.27)
 Asian149 (2.59)94 (2.65)55 (2.51)72 (2.85)22 (2.23)50 (3.24)
 Other234 (4.07)139 (3.92)95 (4.33)114 (4.51)52 (5.28)62 (4.02)
Payor, n (%)
 Government3444 (73.65)2177 (75.46)1267 (70.74)<.0011495 (73.57)545 (67.53)950 (77.55)<.001
 Private769 (16.45)400 (13.86)369 (20.60)335 (16.49)159 (19.7)176 (14.37)
 Other463 (9.90)308 (10.68)155 (8.65)202 (9.94)103 (12.76)99 (8.08)
Disposition, n (%)
Home5933 (96.28)3676 (96.53)2257 (95.88).50774 (2.7)26 (2.46)48 (2.85).076
Other145 (2.35)82 (2.15)63 (2.68)2531 (92.47)965 (91.47)1566 (93.1)
Home health services67 (1.09)41 (1.08)26 (1.10)90 (3.29)46 (4.36)44 (2.62)
Skilled nursing facility17 (0.28)9 (0.24)8 (0.34)42 (1.53)18 (1.71)24 (1.43)
Complex chronic condition, n (%)
 Any CCC1888 (30.64)1237 (32.48)651 (27.66)<.0011035 (37.82)371 (35.17)664 (39.48).024
 Neuromuscular493 (8.00)321 (8.43)172 (7.31).114230 (8.40)90 (8.53)140 (8.32).849
 Hematologic/immunologic446 (7.24)306 (8.04)140 (5.95).002382 (13.96)123 (11.66)259 (15.4).006
 Cardiovascular318 (5.16)211 (5.54)107 (4.55).086209 (7.64)80 (7.58)129 (7.67).934
 Malignancy302 (4.9)182 (4.78)120 (5.10).57436 (1.32)11 (1.04)25 (1.49).321
 Congenital or genetic253 (4.11)155 (4.07)98 (4.16).85921 (0.77)10 (0.95)11 (0.65).391
 Respiratory245 (3.98)154 (4.04)91 (3.87).728114 (4.17)29 (2.75)85 (5.05).003
 Metabolic93 (1.51)65 (1.71)28 (1.19).10570 (2.56)24 (2.27)46 (2.73).458
 Gastrointestinal61 (0.99)41 (1.08)20 (0.85).382196 (7.16)74 (7.01)122 (7.25).813
 Renal37 (0.6)28 (0.74)9 (0.38).081126 (4.6)53 (5.02)73 (4.34).406
Age, y, n (%)
 1–53499 (56.78)2125 (55.8)1374 (58.37).0011506 (55.02)620 (58.77)886 (52.68).006
 6–121743 (28.29)1063 (27.91)680 (28.89)810 (29.59)292 (27.68)518 (30.8)
 13–18920 (14.93)620 (16.28)300 (12.74)421 (15.38)143 (13.55)278 (16.53)
LOS, d, n (%)
 0–12019 (32.77)1211 (31.8)808 (34.32).189390 (14.25)174 (16.49)216 (12.84).032
 2–32732 (44.34)1702 (44.7)1030 (43.76)877 (32.04)331 (31.37)546 (32.46)
 4–6925 (15.01)589 (15.47)336 (14.27)531 (19.4)187 (17.73)344 (20.45)
 ≥7486 (7.89)306 (8.04)180 (7.65)939 (34.31)363 (34.41)576 (34.24)