TABLE 3

Characteristics Associated With Delayed Breastfeeding Initiation in the Cohort Separated for EOS Evaluation Within 2 Hours of Life, N = 101

CharacteristicUnadjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI)P for Bivariate AnalysisaOR (95% CI)P for Final Model
Perinatal risk factors
 Maternal temperature
  Maximum temperature >101°F (>38.33°C)8.5 (1.7–42.6).0092.8 (0.4–19.9).31
  Maximum temperature 100.4°F–100.9°F (38.0°C–38.28°C)3.4 (0.7–17.4).151.7 (0.3–10.4).56
  No maternal feverRefRefRefRef
 Inadequate GBS prophylaxis0.1 (0.01–0.7).02
 Rupture of membranes ≥18 h1.2 (0.5–3.0).68
 Chorioamnionitis2.3 (0.9–5.7).08
 Maternal intrapartum antibioticsa0.9 (0.3–2.5).76
Infant characteristics
 Gestational age <39 wk1.1 (0.3–3.7).94
 Birth weight, per 1000 g1.2 (0.9–1.5).11
 Male gender1.5 (0.7–3.3).32
 Apgar score ≤7 at 5 min1.2 (0.1–19.0).92
 Neonatal antibiotic administration at EOS evaluation3.7 (1.5–8.9).0041.7 (0.5–5.9).45
 Hours spent with mother in the 2 h after birthb
  ≤0.514.2 (2.7–73.9).0028.9 (1.5–53.7).02
  0.6–1.54.6 (0.9–22.3).064.0 (0.8–20.3).09
  >1.5RefRefRefRef
  • a Excludes antibiotics used for surgical prophylaxis in cesarean delivery.

  • b Final model, N = 94 (3 infants in the early initiation group and 4 infants in the late initiation group had data missing for time spent with mother).