TABLE 3

Significant Characteristics of Bullied and Nonbullied Patients

Nonbullied (n = 178)Bullied (n = 104)
Physical symptoms and health care utilization: n (%)
 Functional neurologic symptoms53 (29.8)44 (42.3)*
 Conversion disorder27 (15.2)29 (27.9)*
 Length of admission >7 days19 (10.7)22 (21.2)*
 CSI, median (SD)
  Parent-report54.0 (11.54)60.0 (15.06)**
  Patient-report58.0 (13.15)64.0 (15.13)**
 Patient-report pain type, n (%)
  Stomachache82 (65.1)59 (78.7)*
  Muscle pain74 (58.7)59 (78.7)**
  Low back pain61 (48.4)50 (66.7)*
Life events and psychosocial stressors
 Number of life events of “some,” “moderate,” or “great” impact on patient in the past year, median (SD)7 (5.37)10 (7.19)***
Developmental and academic history, n (%)
 LDs27 (15.3)38 (36.5)***
 High-achievement/honors68 (40.0)24 (25.3)**
 Learning accommodations/interventions66 (37.1)61 (58.7)**
 Individualized education plans23 (12.9)29 (27.9)**
 504 plans24 (13.5)25 (24.0)*
 Othera15 (8.4)21 (20.2)**
Patient and family psychiatric history, n (%)
 Patient comorbid anxiety disorders58 (32.6)54 (51.9)**
 Patient suicidal ideation and/or self-harm history50 (28.1)47 (45.2)**
 Biological mothers with psychiatric history57 (33.7)49 (51.0)**
 Biological mothers with anxiety30 (16.9)33 (31.7)**
 Biological fathers with psychiatric history37 (22.4)41 (43.2)**
  • *P < .05, **P < .01, and ***P < .001 (all 2-tailed).

  • a Special classroom placements, 1:1 aides, and/or informal implementation of extended time for tests and assignments.