TABLE 1

Demographic and patient characteristics

CharacteristicAll SubjectsDeclined Influenza VaccinationInfluenza Vaccination Given Before DischargeP
n786162163
Age, y6.71 ± 5.718.02 ± 6.027.24 ± 5.96.29
Length of stay, d1.65 ± 1.911.44 ± 1.691.82 ± 1.84.05
Gender.05
 Male55.644.955.1
 Female44.455.744.3
Race<.01
 White65.355.844.3
 African American22.940.559.5
 Other12.329.270.8
Insurancea.01
 Private62.055.744.3
 Medicaid/not insured38.041.258.8
History of pulmonary diseaseb<.01
 Yes42.539.560.5
 No57.555.644.4
Treatment of asthma/wheezing during this hospitalizationc<.01
 Yes33.538.561.5
 No66.555.244.8
Initial admission location.99
 Pediatrics91.549.850.2
 PICU8.5250.050.0
Immunizations up to dated.02
 Yes90.247.852.2
 No9.868.831.3
  • Values are presented as mean ± SD or % unless noted otherwise.

  • a Medicaid/noninsured includes patients with Medicaid HMO.

  • b Parents reported a history of asthma, pneumonia, or bronchiolitis.

  • c Children who received one or more albuterol treatments during this hospitalization.

  • d Based on parental report.