TABLE 1

Characteristics of Hospitals and Nurses

Characteristicsn%MeanSD
Hospital characteristic (n = 223)
 Bed size
  ≤100 beds41.8
  >100 and ≤250 beds6529.2
  >251 beds15469.1
 Teaching hospital
  Major3616.1
  Minor10145.3
  Neither8638.6
 High technology13761.4
 Child hospital type
  General18181.2
  Freestanding135.8
  Nested2913.0
 State
  California9944.4
  Pennsylvania4520.2
  Florida4419.7
  New Jersey3515.7
 Patients per nurse
  Overall2.81.2
  Pediatric3.81.2
  PICU2.00.9
  NICU2.50.9
Nurse characteristica
 Female212097.6
 Age216442.911.0
 Bachelor of science or higher degree in nursing111450.1
 Years of experience
  As an RN216416.511.0
  In hospital209711.89.6
  On unit206410.08.8
 Type of unit
  Pediatric61328.0
  PICU34215.6
  NICU123256.3
  • a N ranged from 2064 to 2187 because of missing data.