TABLE 1

Prevalence of IP and ED Practices Associated With Shorter Time to PRD by Hospital

DaytonAkronCincinnatiToledoClevelandColumbus
n , IP (ED)115 (114)103 (72)365 (356)58 (35)196 (121)168 (168)
PRDIP, mean ± SD9.74 ± 0.0618.06 ± 0.0719.13 ± 0.0422.46 ± 0.0933.57 ± 0.0538.66 ± 0.05
PRDTOT, mean ± SD13.77 ± 0.0520.77 ± 0.0724.71 ± 0.0326.09 ± 0.1039.01 ± 0.0544.60 ± 0.04
Receipt of nonstandard care, %20.068.045.270.793.163.1
Intervention
 Pulse oximetry, % spot only (n)77.4 (89)72.8 (75)8.8 (32)67.3 (39)39.3 (77)4.8 (8)
 ED dexamethasone % (n in ED)0 (0)1.4 (1)0.2 (1)0 (0)72.7 (88)0.6 (1)
 ED antibioticsa % (n in ED)6.1 (7)13.8 (10)3.9 (14)11.4 (4)9.1 (11)8.3 (14)
 ED chest radiographb % (n in ED)56.1 (64)44.4 (32)47.2 (168)45.7 (16)51.2 (62)43.3 (73)
 ED IV steroidsa % (n in ED)13.2 (15)37.5 (27)11.5 (41)14.3 (5)12.4 (15)31.5 (53)
ED intervention among those receiving intervention
 Antibioticsa, % (n in ED/n ever)38.9 (7/18)47.6 (10/21)30.4 (14/46)26.7 (4/15)28.2 (11/39)30.4 (14/46)
 Chest radiographb , % (n in ED/n ever)90.1 (64/71)69.6 (32/46)78.1 (168/215)55.1 (16/29)63.3 (62/98)69.5 (73/105)
 IV steroidsc, % (n in ED/n ED and IP)77.8 (7/9)64.7 (11/17)18.1 (17/94)12.5 (1/8)8.9 (4/45)28.1 (9/32)
  • a Initiated in ED.

  • b Received only in ED.

  • c Includes individuals who received during IP hospital course but excludes individuals receiving in both the ED and IP.