TABLE 4

Respiratory Support Modality and Associated Charges

NonintubatedIntubated
NC/NRB (n = 184)NPPVIMV- OSH (n = 11)IMV-PCH (n = 4)
HFNC (n = 26)CPAP/BiPAP (n = 37)
LOS, d, median (IQR)1.2 (0.2–11.4)3.6 (0.6–8.5)3.6 (1–9)2.6 (0.4–4.5)12.7 (10.9–14.8)
ICU charge and/or admission, $, median (IQR)7100 (5900–10 200)20 000 (12 800–24 700)21 100 (13 600–29 100)14 000 (7400–23 300)92 200 (76 700–98 600)
ICU charge per d, median (IQR)5500 (4600–6700)5800 (5000–6100)5800 (5200–6400)6300 (5800–6600)6700 (6400–8000)
Total charges, %
 Nursing7274706264
 Respiratory care512131515
 Pharmacy5461010
 Medical imaging11112
 Laboratory43344
 Gas panel10.80.81.92.5
 CBC0.50.20.20.50.1
 Electrolyte panel10.70.41.31.2
 Other laboratoriesa1.51.31.60.30.2
 Other chargesb136785
  • a Other laboratories include magnesium and methylxanthine levels and other miscellaneous laboratories charged for during PICU stay.

  • b Other charges included ED, cardiac consultations, rehabilitation services, and other miscellaneous charges accrued during the calendar days of the PICU stay.