TABLE 2

Baseline Characteristics of Patients on the Basis of Admitting Physician Service

CharacteristicsHospitalist (n = 350)Nonhospitalist (n = 363)P
Demographic
 Age, mean (range), y0.52 (0.47–0.57)0.47 (0.42–0.51).13
 Male56.9 (199)60.3 (219).35
 History of premature birth (<37 wk)15.4 (54)18.5 (67).32
 Birth age if premature, mean (range), wk31.4 (24–36)32.1 (24–36).31
 History of wheezing17.7 (62)13.8 (50).15
 History of RAD7.7 (27)5.2 (19).17
 Tobacco exposure43.6 (144/330)34.2 (120/351).01
 Day care exposure24.1 (63/261)21.4 (64/299).44
 AOM diagnosed7.1 (25)12.4 (45).02
Referral location
 ED/OSH/outside ED (not PCP’s clinic)*82.0 (287)84.3 (306).41
Admission/preadmission testing
 Chest radiography68.9 (241)63.9 (232).16
 Chest radiograph positive for pneumonia10.0 (24/241)6.5 (15/232).17
 Complete blood count44.9 (157)40.8 (148).27
 Serum electrolytes/LFTs35.4 (124)27.8 (101).03
 Blood gas sampling7.7 (27)10.2 (37).25
 RSV testing84.3 (295)83.2 (302).69
 Influenza testing47.7 (167)42.1 (153).14
 Pertussis test performed3.7 (13)4.7 (17).52
 UA/urine culture performed18.9 (66)20.4 (74).61
 UTI diagnosed6.1 (4/66)0.0 (0/74).03
 Blood culture drawn25.4 (89)30.3 (110).15
 Blood culture positive5.6 (5/89)5.4 (6/110).97
 Lumbar puncture performed3.4 (12)9.4 (34).001
 Lumbar puncture positive for meningitis0.0 (0/12)0.0 (0/34)>.999
  • Data are presented as % (n), unless otherwise indicated. ED, emergency department; LFTs, liver function tests; OSH, outside hospital ED; PCP, primary care provider; RSV, respiratory syncytial virus; UA, urinalysis.

  • * Includes direct admission from home or long-term care facility.

  • These data were not documented in all charts.

  • All pertussis test results were negative.