TABLE 2

Preferred Pharmacologic Management of NAS

MedicationFirst-Line Opiate WithdrawalAdjunct Opiate WithdrawalFirst-Line Polydrug WithdrawalAdjunct Polydrug Withdrawal
%No. of Institutions%No. of Institutions%No. of Institutions%No. of Institutions
Morphine56.18811.01751.07511.817
Methadone24.83911.61819.7299.714
Tincture of opium12.7201.3211.6170.71
Phenobarbital5.1848.47513.62043.162
Other1.931.327.5116.910
None1.3220.0313.4525.036
Clonidine0.005.890.714.97
Paregoric0.000.610.000.71
Chlorpromazine0.000.610.000.71
Buprenorphine0.000.000.000.00
Diazepam0.000.610.003.55
Chloral hydrate0.000.000.000.00
n = 157n = 155n = 147n = 144