TABLE 1

Characteristics of Children Hospitalized for Bronchiolitis According to SBI Evaluation Status

CharacteristicEvaluated for SBI (n = 569)Not Evaluated for SBI (n = 664)P
History/admission data
 Mean age, mo (range)5.29 (0.26–23.9)5.94 (0.23–23.8)<.0001
 Age ≤30 d73/569 (12.8%)47/664 (7.1%).001
 Age 31–60 d136/569 (23.9%)105/664 (15.8%)<.0001
 Female gender309/569 (54.3%)396/664 (59.6%).06
 History of prematurity114/569 (20.0%)118/664 (17.8%).31
 Mean gestational age, wk (range)32.1 (24–36)32.2 (23–36).98
 History of day care exposure79/569 (13.9%)126/664 (19.0%).02
 History of tobacco exposure197/569 (34.6%)230/664 (34.6%)1.00
 History of wheeze/RAD73/569 (12.8%)106/664 (16.0%).12
 Fever at/during admission329/569 (57.8%)210/664 (31.6%)<.0001
Patient management
 Influenza tested246/569 (43.2%)193/664 (29.1%)<.0001
 Influenza positive7/246 (2.8%)10/193 (5.2%).81
 RSV tested499/569 (87.7%)575/664 (86.6%).57
 RSV positive291/499 (58.3%)396/575 (68.9%).0004
 CXR performed488/569 (85.8%)367/664 (55.3%)<.0001
  • CXR, chest radiograph; RAD, reactive airway disease.