TABLE 2

Pain Assessment and Mean Pain Scores According to English Proficiency and Interpretation Intensity

AssessmentEP (n = 237)LEP (n = 237)LEP
<2 Daily Interpretations (n = 151)≥2 Daily Interpretations (n = 86)
No. of daily pain assessments, median  (IQR 25–75)9.3 (3.8–14.5)a7.3 (2.4–12.5)8.1 (1.7–12.2)7.1 (3.3–11.8)
Daily mean ± pain score before  medication administration3.7 ± 1.73.7 ± 1.74.0 ± 1.73.2 ± 1.7
Daily mean ± SD pain score,  after medication administration0.9 ± 1.1a1.3 ± 1.41.6 ± 1.4b0.7 ± 1.2
Pain scale used, %
Faces pain scale10a1412b15
NRS36323613
Behavioral47493355
No scale used9111917
  • Regression analyses adjusted for clustering by individual patient, age, and gender. IQR, interquartile range.

  • a Significantly different between EP and LEP patients (P < .05).

  • b Significantly different between LEP patients with <2 vs ≥2 interpretations per hospital day (P < .05).