TABLE 3

Toxicology Screening for in utero Drug Exposure

Modality%No. of Institutions (n = 171)
Single agent7.012
Maternal urine1.83
Infant urine1.22
Meconium2.95
Umbilical cord1.22
Combined agents91.2156
Maternal urine + infant urine16.428
Maternal urine + meconium5.810
Maternal urine + infant urine + meconium49.184
Infant urine + meconium10.518
Umbilical cord + maternal urine1.83
Umbilical cord + infant urine + meconium2.34
Umbilical cord + maternal urine + infant urine + meconium5.39
No toxicology screening1.83