TABLE 5

VTE Prophylaxis Stratified by Risk Category23,3133,35,36,3941

Low RiskModerate RiskHigh Risk
a. Encourage early ambulationa. Encourage early ambulationa. Encourage early ambulation
b. Mitigate risk factorsab. Mitigate risk factors (see note below)b. Mitigate risk factors (see note below)
c. Administer mechanical prophylaxis (see Table 2)c. Administer mechanical prophylaxis (see Table 2)
 • SCD preferred (and/or graduated compression stockings) • SCD preferred (and/or graduated compression stockings)
 • Make efforts to achieve 18 h of daily use • Make efforts to achieve 18 h of daily use
d. consider pharmacologic prophylaxis (see Table 6)
  • a Examples of risk factor mitigation strategies are discontinuing peripherally inserted central catheter lines as soon as possible, treating infections, and avoiding estrogen therapy.