TABLE 1

Characteristics of Pneumonia Hospitalizations of Patients With and Without Comorbid Mood or Anxiety Disorders

5- to 12-y-Old Patients13- to 20-y-Old Patients
No Comorbid Mood or Anxiety DisorderComorbid Mood or Anxiety DisorderPaNo Comorbid Mood or Anxiety DisorderComorbid Mood or Anxiety DisorderPa
Weighted population size (95% CI)24 592 (22 864–26 320)275 (226–324)9000 (8445–9554)927 (823–1031)
Age in y, mean (SE)7.5 (0.03)9.3 (0.15)<.001b16.6 (0.4)17.6 (0.9)<.001b
Male, %52.956.9.2752.543.3<.001
Publicly insured, %49.346.6.4940.544.9.056
Race or ethnicity, %<.001<.001
 White47.562.954.665.6
 Black17.59.517.311.6
 Hispanic20.413.414.911.9
 Other14.414.013.010.7
Urban–rural classification, %.08.12
 >1 million50.953.948.849.1
 250 000–999 99918.023.418.321.6
 50 000–249 9999.36.510.111.8
 10 000–49 99912.612.211.09.1
 <10 0003.83.88.68.2
Patient ZIP code income quartile, %.08.29
 0%–25%34.725.832.630.7
 26%–50%23.625.923.322.1
 51%–75%21.925.023.423.0
 76%–100%19.623.120.624.1
Number of secondary diagnoses, mean (SE)4.1 (0.06)4.5 (0.25).07b5.2 (0.08)5.4 (0.18).02b
Asthma, %49.545.5.2832.533.8.52
Cancer, %2.34.1.083.45.7.003
Chronic lung disease, %4.411.3<.00110.217.8<.001
Immunocompromised status (nononcologic), %6.08.3.1711.112.7.23
Other complex chronic condition, %15.521.9.0227.125.4.36
Substance use disorder, %2.38.7<.001
Intellectual disability, %5.014.0<.0017.84.4.003
Admitted to children’s, hospital %19.429.4<.00115.415.2.94
Hospital location and teaching status, %<.001.020
 Urban teaching57.372.157.359.6
 Urban nonteaching25.317.127.929.9
 Rural17.210.714.710.3
  • CI, 95 % confidence interval.

  • a Rao–Scott X2, except where otherwise noted.

  • b Adjusted Wald test.