TABLE 3

Mean Length of Stay (d) for Pneumonia Hospitalizations Involving Patients With Comorbid Mood or Anxiety Disorders Compared With Those Without

No Comorbid Mood or Anxiety Disorder, Mean (SE)With Comorbid Mood or Anxiety Disorder, Mean (SE)Adjusted β (95% CI)Pa
School-aged children (5–12 y old), (n = 24 867)
 All3.2 (0.062)4.9 (0.45)0.11 (0.02–0.20)b<.001
 No complications2.8 (0.05)4.2 (0.43)
 With complications5.7 (0.2)7.5 (1.4)
Adolescents (13–20 y old), (n = 9927)
 All4.2 (0.1)6.0 (0.55)0.13 (0.08–0.17)c<.001
 No complications3.6 (0.11)4.9 (0.40)
 With complications6.6 (0.23)9.5 (1.39)
  • CI, 95 % confidence interval.

  • a From adjusted linear regression model.

  • b Adjusted for age, gender, race, urban–rural classification, patient ZIP code income quartile, number of medical diagnoses, intellectual disability, chronic medical conditions, children’s hospital, and teaching hospital status.

  • c Adjusted for age, gender, race, public insurance, urban–rural classification, number of medical diagnoses, intellectual disability, substance use diagnosis, chronic medical conditions, and teaching hospital status.