TABLE 2

Complications in Pneumonia Hospitalizations Involving Patients With and Without Comorbid Mood or Anxiety Disorders

Cases per 100 Hospitalizations
Number of CasesNo Comorbid Mood or Anxiety DisorderWith Comorbid Mood or Anxiety DisorderUnadjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI)Adjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI)
School-aged children (5–12 y old) (n = 24 867)
 Any pneumonia complication267910.720.32.14 (1.47–3.10)1.80 (1.20–2.71)a
  Suppurative complication16136.410.51.70 (1.08–2.67)1.36 (0.83–2.23)a
  Respiratory failure17874.410.92.64 (1.55–4.48)2.54 (1.21–4.59)a
  Sepsis1080.41.02.37 (0.58–9.72)2.23 (0.50–9.79)a
Adolescents (13–20 y old) (n = 9927)
 Any pneumonia complication186218.025.61.56 (1.28–1.90)1.63 (1.31–2.02)b
  Suppurative complication122211.915.91.39 (1.12–1.73)1.47 (1.16–1.85)b
  Respiratory failure6686.311.31.90 (1.42–2.54)2.02 (1.47–2.79)b
  Sepsis1411.33.02.40 (1.47–3.91)2.44 (1.44–4.11)b
  • CI, 95 % confidence interval.

  • a Adjusted for age, gender, race, urban–rural classification, patient ZIP code income quartile, number of medical diagnoses, intellectual disability, chronic medical conditions, children’s hospital, and teaching hospital status.

  • b Adjusted for age, gender, race, public insurance, urban–rural classification, number of medical diagnoses, intellectual disability, substance use diagnosis, chronic medical conditions, and teaching hospital status.