TABLE 3

Maternal Demographic Characteristics and Conditions

VariableInpatientEDTotal Sample (N = 4112)
Rehospitalized (n = 452)Not Rehospitalized (n = 3660)Visit (n = 1680)No Visit (n = 2432)
Age on delivery date, y25.1 ± 5.5925.4 ± 5.7124.6 ± 5.5325.9 ± 5.7425.4 ± 5.69
Married80 (17.7)707 (19.3)278 (16.5)509 (20.9)*787 (19.1)
Drug or alcohol abuse58 (12.8)397 (10.9)186 (11.1)269 (11.1)455 (11.1)
Prior Cesarean delivery91 (20.1)732 (20.0)341 (20.3)482 (19.8)823 (20.0)
Kotelchuck Index (other versus inadequate)a376 (83.2)2893 (79.0)*1390 (82.7)1879 (77.3)3269 (79.5)
Prenatal visit, first trimester327 (72.4)2444 (66.8)*1190 (70.8)1581 (65.0)2771 (67.4)
Bipolar disorder49 (10.8)198 (5.4)*130 (7.7)117 (4.8)*247 (6.0)
Depression disorders72 (15.9)495 (13.5)264 (15.7)303 (12.5)*567 (13.8)
Other mental health diagnosis182 (40.3)1090 (29.8)*578 (34.4)694 (28.5)*1272 (30.9)
Prenatal inpatient (count)1.3 ± 0.741.1 ± 0.47*1.2 ± 0.561.1 ± 0.46*1.2 ± 0.51
Prenatal ED (count)3.7 ± 4.062.6 ± 2.72*3.5 ± 3.382.2 ± 2.4*2.7 ± 2.91
Maternal unique medications (count)8.0± 6.226.8 ± 5.49*7.8 ± 6.136.4 ± 5.10*6.9 ± 5.59
  • Data are presented as mean ± SD or n (%).

  • a Kotelchuck index was transformed into a binary variable in which “other” represents intermediate, adequate, and intensive levels of prenatal care.

  • * P < .05.