TABLE 2

Association of Covariates With LOS and Parental Presence at Bedside

Covariate% Parent Present (95% CI)PAverage LOS, d (95% CI)P
Maternal opioid.12.13
 Methadone50.3 (43.1–57.0)20.0 (17.9–22.2)
 Buprenorphine59.4 (50.3–68.1)17.5 (15.1–19.9)
Breastfeeding<.0001.004
 No44.5 (36.3–52.4)21.1 (18.7– 23.5)
 Yes65.2 (59.8–71.2)16.5 (14.5–18.5)
Smoking.45.20
 No50.8 (39.4–61.0)17.2 (14.0– 20.4)
 Yes55.7 (50.2–64.4)19.6 (14.1– 17.3)
Benzodiazepine use.70.82
 No54.9 (48.5–60.2)18.8 (16.8– 20.8)
 Yes52.2 (40.1–65.3)19.2 (16.4– 22.0)
SSRI use.5883.41
 No53.8 (47.5–59.8)19.2 (17.3–20.9)
 Yes58.9 (39.1–77.2)17.2 (12.2– 22.0)
Illicit drug use.09.56
 No57.7 (50.4–64.5)18.6 (16.5– 20.7)
 Yes47.4 (37.2–57.4)19.6 (17.0– 22.2)
Clinical trial participant.01.01
 No50.9 (44.1–58.3)20.0 (18.1–21.9)
 Yes65.0 (55.6–73.7)15.8 (12.9–18.7)
DCF custody.001.17
 No59.7 (53.2–65.9)18.4 (16.4–20.2)
 Yes36.6 (24.3–48.5)20.8 (17.8– 23.8)
  • SSRI, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor.