TABLE 4

Antibiotics and Corticosteroid Administration to Children Admitted to 47 Pediatrics Hospitals From January 1, 2009 Through December 31, 2014, with Aspiration and CAP

Antibiotic TypeAspiration Pneumonia, n = 12 097, n (%)CAP, n = 121 489, n (%)Pa
Individual antibiotic
 Penicillin/aminopenicillin900 (7.4)29 829 (24.6)<.001
 Ampicillin/sulbactam4845 (40.0)10 131 (8.3)<.001
 Cephalosporin5604 (46.3)80 551 (66.3)<.001
 Macrolide2150 (17.8)41 850 (34.5)<.001
 Vancomycin1835 (15.2)14 026 (11.6).003
 Clindamycin5316 (44.0)15 076 (12.4)<.001
 Piperacillin/tazobactam1935 (16.0)5952 (4.9)<.001
 Meropenem311 (2.6)2777 (2.3)<.001
 Fluoroquinolone995 (8.2)6289 (5.2).088
 Other2457 (20.3)16 901 (13.9)<.001
Combination antibiotics
 Cephalosporin + macrolide1231 (10.2)27 860 (22.9)<.001
 Cephalosporin + vancomycin/clindamycin643 (5.3)3230 (2.7)<.001
 Cephalosporin + vancomycin/clindamycin + macrolide181 (1.5)1110 (0.9).011
 Penicillin/aminopenicillin + macrolide167 (1.4)8184 (6.7)<.001
Corticosteroids4160 (34.4)40 427 (33.3).009
  • a Adjusted for patient age, sex, race, source of insurance payment, and the presence of CCC.