TABLE 2

Medical Characteristics and Medical Health Care Use of Patients Diagnosed With ED or SFD (Mean ± SD or n [%])

EDSFDt, χ2
Medical characteristics
 Family history of medical illness51 (44)81 (69.8)15.82*
  Biological mother similar physical symptoms1 (0.8)27 (21.6)27.19*
  Biological father similar physical symptoms1 (0.8)4 (3.2)1.84
 History of comorbid medical conditions65 (52)111 (88.8)40.62*
  Total No. of medical comorbidities0.90 ± 1.212.82 ± 2.17−8.63*
Medical health care use
 Previous health care use
  Inpatient medical admission at current facility (within 1 y before admission)0.35 ± 0.830.46 ± 1.24−0.81
  Emergency department visits at current facility (within 1 y before admission)0.22 ± 0.550.99 ± 1.72−4.81*
  Visit to different hospital (within 1 month before admission)51 (41.5)65 (54.2)3.93***
 Current admission health care use
  Primary admitting service
   Adolescent medicine92 (73.6)2 (1.6)136.52*
   Critical care step down/intermediate care program1 (0.8)2 (1.6)2.00
   Endocrinology2 (1.6)0 (0)2.81
   Gastroenterology1 (0.8)13 (10.4)10.80**
   General pediatrics/hospitalist18 (14.4)49 (39.2)18.05*
   General surgery1 (0.8)1 (0.8)0.00
   Hematology0 (0)2 (1.6)2.77
   Neurology/epilepsy1 (0.8)49 (39.2)57.18*
   Neurosurgery0 (0)1 (0.8)1.38
   Orthopedics1 (0.8)1 (0.8)0.00
   Pain treatment0 (0)4 (3.2)5.58***
   Pulmonary1 (0.8)0 (0)1.40
   Rheumatology0 (0)1 (0.8)1.38
   Toxicology6 (4.8)0 (0)8.52**
  Time from admission to consultation request (d)1.18 ± 1.051.72 ± 1.45−3.37*
  Length of inpatient medical admission (d)7.2 ± 5.24.5 ± 4.14.55*
  Total No. of laboratory tests47.81 ± 18.3138.89 ± 28.462.95**
  Total No. of imaging/procedures1.88 ± 1.701.98 ± 1.93−0.42
   No. of cardiac tests/procedures1.53 ± 1.360.45 ± 0.807.66*
   No. of neurology tests/procedures0.02 ± 0.150.38 ± 0.63−6.06*
   No. of gastrointestinal tests/procedures0.03 ± 0.220.06 ± 0.35−0.86
   No. of gynecology tests/procedures0.00 ± 0.000.01 ± 0.09−1.00
  Medical specialty consults
   Pain treatment service0 (0)36 (28.8)33.08*
   Neurology3 (2.4)25 (20.0)19.47*
   Gastroenterology6 (4.8)15 (12.0)4.21***
   Cardiology8 (6.4)7 (5.6)0.07
   Endocrine0 (0)6 (4.8)4.27***
  Other specialty consults
   Nutrition105 (84.0)23 (18.4)107.65*
   Child life37 (29.6)19 (15.2)7.46**
   Social work16 (12.8)36 (28.8)9.71**
   Integrative therapies9 (7.2)4 (3.2)2.03
   Enteral tube placement17 (13.6)9 (7.2)2.75
  • * P ≤ .001; ** P ≤ .01; *** P < .05, all two-tailed.