TABLE 3

Mental Health Characteristics and Mental Health Care Use of Patients Diagnosed With ED or SFD (Mean ± SD or n [%])

EDSFDt, χ2
Mental health characteristics
 Family history of mental illness99 (81.1)90 (76.3)0.85
  Biological mother history of mental illness56 (46.3)48 (40.7)0.76
  Biological father history of mental illness41 (33.9)38 (33.3)0.008
 Patient temperament
  Perfectionistic tendency63 (80.8)29 (41.4)24.28*
  Anxious, sensitive temperament102 (87.2)65 (60.2)21.39*
  Avoidant coping style23 (65.7)38 (52.1)1.80
  Internalizing coping style81 (94.2)74 (75.5)12.03*
  Disruptive externalizing behaviors22 (20)13 (11.4)3.14
 History of bullying24 (21.8)40 (36.0)5.43***
 History of trauma22 (18.5)42 (33.6)7.20**
 Total No. of comorbid psychiatric diagnoses1.21±1.210.87±0.962.44***
  No comorbid diagnoses44 (35.2)55 (44.0)2.02
  ≥1 comorbid diagnoses81 (64.8)70 (56)2.02
   Anxiety disorders54 (43.2)53 (42.4)0.02
   Depressive disorders43 (34.4)21 (16.8)10.17*
   Disruptive disorder10 (8.0)10 (8.0)0.00
   Mood disorder6 (4.8)5 (4.0)0.10
   Substance abuse6 (4.8)1 (0.8)2.35
   Other psychiatric diagnoses6 (4.8)8 (6.4)0.30
   Developmental disorder0 (0)4 (3.2)2.29
   Psychosis0 (0)0 (0)N/A
 History of suicidality49 (39.2)38 (30.4)2.13
  History of suicidal ideation44 (36.4)29 (23.8)4.58***
  History of self-injurious behavior31 (25.4)18 (15)4.06***
  History of suicide attempt17 (14)8 (6.5)3.78
 Patient CGAS41.78±12.6147.24±10.30−3.72*
Mental health care use99 (79.2)84 (67.2)4.59***
 Previous psychiatric treatment
  Outpatient, individual66 (52.8)63 (50.4)0.14
  Outpatient, family3 (2.4)1 (0.8)0.25
  School counseling9 (7.2)12 (9.6)0.47
  In-home therapy1 (0.8)5 (4.0)1.54
  Intensive outpatient program13 (10.4)0 (0)13.71*
  Partial program11 (8.8)9 (7.2)0.22
  Inpatient/residential facility41 (32.8)16 (12.8)14.20*
  Previous psychiatric medications47 (37.6)45 (36)0.07
  Other past psychiatric treatment7 (5.6)10 (8.0)0.57
 Current psychiatric treatment
  Current psychotropic medications (psychiatric symptoms)67 (53.6)58 (46.4)1.30
  Current psychotropic medications (pain/medical symptoms)20 (16.1)76 (60.8)18.24*
 Psychiatric disposition from current admission
  Outpatient therapy/intensive outpatient program58 (46.4)93 (74.4)20.49*
  Partial program11 (8.8)23 (18.4)4.90***
  Residential facility17 (13.6)2 (1.6)12.82*
  Inpatient medical: psychiatric facility38 (30.4)7 (5.6)26.04*
  Patient/family discharged against medical advice1 (0.8)0 (0)0.00
  • * P ≤ .001; **P ≤ .01; ***P < .05, all two-tailed. N/A, not applicable.