TABLE 2

Bivariable Analysis of Baseline or Preoperative Parent Anxiety With Other Baseline or Preoperative Parent Psychological Characteristics

Parent Psychological Scale (Reference Range)Mean Score (SD)No or Mild Anxiety, HADS <11 (n = 56)Moderate or Severe Anxiety, HADS ≥11 (n = 16)P, Student’s t Test
Coping22
 Adaptive (0–60)48.9 (5.3)49.147.9.408
 Maladaptive (0–40)19.3 (6.0)18.223.3<.001
Self-efficacy pain management, mean (0–6)
 Anxiety3.7 (1.1)3.83.3.203
 Low confidence2.2 (1.0)1.92.9<.001
Parent HLOC,16 (0–6)
 Parent5.3 (0.6)5.45.2.187
 Professional3.8 (0.9)3.83.8.830
 Fate3.0 (1.3)2.83.6.031
 Divine3.6 (1.7)3.44.2.074