TABLE 1

Profile of the Physician Participants

CharacteristicReferring Physicians (N = 8)Accepting Physicians (N = 9)
Physician characteristics
 Age, mean (95% CI), y46 (39–54)40 (31–49)
 Female sex3 (37.5)6 (66.7)
 Experience, mean (95% CI), y14 (8–20)11 (1–20)
 Formal training
  Pediatrics, no specialty training5 (62.5)5 (55.6)
  Pediatrics, with specialty traininga1 (12.5)4 (44.4)
  Emergency medicine2 (25.0)0
  Other00
 Transfer practices
  Only refer1 (12.5)0
  Mostly refer2 (25.0)0
  Both refer and accept equally1 (12.5)0
  Mostly accept4 (50.0)7 (77.8)
  Only accept02 (22.2)
 Providing care to CSHCN
  Every day of clinical practice3 (37.5)6 (66.7)
  Majority of days of clinical practice2 (25.0)2 (22.2)
  Infrequently during clinical practice2 (25.0)0 (0.0)
  Unknown1 (12.5)1 (1.1)
Hospital characteristics
 Hospital type
  Freestanding children’s2 (25.0)0
  Children’s hospital within a hospital1 (12.5)9 (100.0)
  Non-children’s with subspecialtyb3 (37.5)0
  Non-children’s without subspecialtyb2 (25.0)0
 Teaching hospital4 (50.0)9 (100.0)
 Urban location6 (75.0)9 (100.0)
  • Data are presented as n (%) unless otherwise indicated. CI, confidence interval.

  • a Specialty training included fellowship training in specialties such as cardiology, infectious diseases, and gastroenterology.

  • b Refers to non-children’s hospitals that have and do not have pediatric subspecialty services, respectively. Such services refer to the presence or lack of a pediatric ward or pediatric specialist(s) (eg, pediatric cardiologist, pediatric anesthesia, pediatric surgery).