TABLE 3

Association Between Amount of Deficits With Having a Perceived Error in Care Rather Than Having No Perceived Error in Care

VariableAdverse Event or Near MissDelay in Patient CareRepeat Laboratory Test or StudyEarly Unplanned InterventionAny Perceived Error in Care
OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)a
Transport command physician verbal handoffb
 Minimal deficitsRefRefRefRefRefRef
 Many deficitsc2.4 (0.7–8.5)3.4 (0.6–18.1)8.4 (1.0–70.9)3.4 (1.3–8.7)3.8 (1.4–9.9)
Frontline provider verbal handoffd
 Minimal deficitsRefRefRefRefRefRef
 Many deficits9.9 (1.1–90.4)1.6 (0.6–4.2)1.5 (0.5–4.8)1.8 (0.4–8.2)1.6 (0.8–3.4)1.4 (0.7–3.0)
Written information transmissione
 Minimal deficitsRefRefRefRefRefRef
 Many deficits2.0 (0.3–12.3)2.1 (0.8–5.5)3.8 (1.2–11.8)1.2 (0.2–6.3)2.5 (1.2–5.3)2.5 (1.1–5.6)
  • Potential deficits represent missing key elements in the verbal or written information transmission. The 7 verbal handoff key elements included: reason for transfer, examination findings, illness severity, patient summary, action list, situation awareness, and synthesis by the receiver. The 5 written key elements included: images, laboratory tests and studies, reports, medication list, and summary document. aOR, adjusted odds ratio; OR, odds ratio.

  • a The logistic regression model for the transport command physician verbal handoff included the covariate age. The logistic regression model for the frontline provider verbal handoff included the covariate posttransfer hospital. The logistic regression model for the written information transmission included the covariates posttransfer clinical service team and posttransfer hospital.

  • b Minimal deficits refers to 0 to 2 missing key elements; many deficits refers to 3 to 7 missing key elements.

  • c Inadequate observations with specified outcome to perform analysis.

  • d Minimal deficits refers to 0 to 4 missing key elements; many deficits refers to 5 to 7 missing key elements.

  • e Minimal deficits refers to 0 to 1 missing key elements; many deficits refers to 2 to 5 missing key elements.