TABLE 1

Patient Characteristics, Testing, and Management

All PatientsBy Hospital
N = 470N = 8
N% (95% Confidence interval)Minimum– Maximum, %Pa
Sex<.01
 Male22347 (43–52)31–67
 Female24753 (48–57)33–69
Age, d.07b
 0–6163 (2–5)0–7
 7–2812026 (22–30)18–35
 29–6020844 (40–49)31–62
 61–9012627 (23–31)11–40
Race<.01
 Non-Hispanic white19942 (38–47)5–55
 Non-Hispanic black7516 (13–20)0–30
 Hispanic9921 (17–25)0–51
 Asian276 (4–8)0–21
 Other5913 (10–16)2–39
 Unknown112 (1–4)0–15
Payer<.01
 Private21345 (41–50)29–67
 Government22448 (43–52)33–62
 Other163 (2–5)0–9
 Unknown174 (2–6)0–27
Microbiological testing obtainedc.04
 Urine, blood, and CSF32269 (64–73)56–85
 Urine and blood12527 (23–31)15–37
 Urine only225 (3–7)0–11
Infection source.69
 UTI36277 (73–81)71–82
 Bacteremia5011 (8–14)7–17
 Bacteremia and UTI4510 (7–13)2–13
 Meningitis and bacteremia71 (1–3)0–6
 Meningitis51 (0–2)0–2
 Meningitis, bacteremia, and UTI10 (0–1)0–2
  • a χ2 test of variable by hospital.

  • b Age group 0–28 d by hospital.

  • c One patient had blood culture testing without urine or CSF testing.