TABLE 1

Participants’ Characteristics Associated With Acceptance of HIV Testing

CharacteristicsTotalAccepted Testing n = 46Declined Testing n = 53Pa
Age, y, N = 9917.4 ± 2.318.0 ± 2.116.9 ± 2.3.01
Female sex, N = 9951 (52)26 (57)25 (47).35
Race and/or ethnicity, n = 98
 African American28 (29)10 (22)18 (35).09
 Hispanic46 (47)27 (59)19 (37)
 Other (Asian American, white, multiracial)24 (25)9 (20)15 (29)
Nonsurgical admission, N = 9980 (81)37 (80)43 (81).93
Previous HIV testing, n = 9747 (48)27 (60)20 (39).01
Ever been sexually active, n = 9662 (65)39 (89)23 (44)<.01
 ≥4 sexual partners, n = 6225 (40)18 (46)7 (30).22
 No condom use at last sexual encounter, n = 6018 (30)14 (36)4 (19).17
Previous history of an STI, n = 9110 (11)7 (17)3 (6).18b
Very or somewhat worried they might be at risk for HIV, n = 9411 (12)8 (19)3 (6).06b
Interest in receiving information on HIV testing while hospitalized, n = 9337 (40)26 (62)11 (22)<.01
  • Data are presented as n (%) except for age, which is presented as mean ± SD. N/n vary because of some incomplete survey responses.

  • a t tests and χ2 tests were used for continuous and categorical variables unless otherwise specified.

  • b Fisher’s exact test was used.