TABLE 1

Percentage of Off-label Usage for 2014 BPCA Priority List Medications, Stratified by Encounter Type

2014 BPCA Priority List MedicationsOff-label Usage, %
TotalClinicalEmergencyAmbulatoryObservationalInpatient
Albuterol29.517.828.527.629.133.0
Ampicillin000000
Azithromycin7.103.34.58.98.9
Clindamycin000000
Epinephrine000000
Furosemide000000
Heparin sodium000000
Hydrocortisone000000
Ketamine93.792.097.287.992.991.3
Lorazepam65.042.645.246.960.467.2
Metoclopramide000000
Midazolam000000
Morphine sulfate97.996.296.898.698.297.4
Pantoprazole34.07.77.69.917.036.2
Prednisone000000
Sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim1.500.10.40.41.8