TABLE 1

Demographic and Clinical Characteristics

Patient CharacteristicIndex Admissions (N = 394)Follow-up Group (N = 334)
Age, mo, median (IQR)16.8 (5.3–89.3)15.6 (5.2–69.9)
Wt, kg, median (IQR)10.0 (5.7–23.6)10.0 (5.7–20.0)
Sex, n (%)
 Girls167 (42.4)139 (41.6)
 Boys227 (57.6)195 (58.4)
Race, n (%)
 African American75 (19.0)69 (20.7)
 White200 (50.8)165 (49.4)
 Hispanic40 (10.2)33 (9.9)
 Unknown or other79 (20.1)67 (20.0)
Admission status, n (%)
 Scheduled60 (15.2)52 (15.6)
 Unscheduled334 (84.8)282 (84.4)
Trauma status, n (%)
 Trauma92 (23.4)78 (23.4)
 Not trauma302 (76.6)256 (76.6)
Operative status, n (%)
 Postoperative114 (28.9)89 (26.6)
 Not postoperative280 (71.1)245 (73.4)
Pre-existing comorbid diagnoses, n (%)
 Chromosomal abnormalities44 (11.2)36 (10.8)
 Chronic lung disease33 (8.4)29 (8.7)
 Congenital heart disease and/or heart failure112 (28.4)89 (26.7)
 Dialysis dependence3 (0.8)1 (0.3)
 Neurologic conditionsa141 (35.8)122 (36.5)
 Oncologic diagnosis12 (3.0)12 (3.6)
 Prematurity43 (10.9)38 (11.4)
 Transplant recipient6 (1.5)3 (0.9)
Primary diagnosis category,b n (%)
 Cardiovascular85 (21.6)74 (22.2)
 Infectious29 (7.4)25 (7.5)
 Injury and/or poisoning72 (18.3)63 (18.9)
 Neurologic45 (11.5)36 (10.8)
 Respiratory122 (31.0)106 (31.7)
 Other41 (10.2)30 (9.0)
  • There were no significant differences between the groups.

  • a Neurologic conditions include pre-existing diagnoses of anoxic brain injury, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, epilepsy, muscular dystrophy, and quadriparesis.

  • b Other primary diagnosis categories included gastrointestinal, genetic and/or metabolic, orthopedic, renal, rheumatologic, and “symptoms.”