TABLE 3

Cox Proportional Hazards Regression of Time From Diagnosis to Earliest Specialty Palliative Care (N = 159)

CharacteristicsHR95% CIP
Girls1.0(0.7–1.4).824
Age at diagnosis
 ≤30 dReference
 31 d to 1 y0.9(0.6–1.5).785
 2–6 y0.7(0.3–1.7).462
 7–12 y0.5(0.3–1.1).089
 13–18 y0.7(0.4–1.3).265
 >18 y1.5(0.7–3.1).307
Race
 WhiteReference
 African American1.7(1.05–2.9).033
 Other1.3(0.7–2.4).454
Private health insurance1.6(1.1–2.4).014
County of residence
 Hospital’s countyReference
 Contiguous county1.0(0.6–1.8).919
 Other0.8(0.5–1.3).366
Type of palliative care–qualifying diagnosis
 CardiovascularReference
 Neuromuscular0.5(0.2–1.1).085
 Pulmonary0.5(0.2–0.9).015
 Malignancy0.5(0.3–0.96).036
 Genetic0.8(0.4–1.5).417
 Other1.5(1.0–2.5).075
Diagnosis met criterion for automatic palliative care referral0.9(0.6–1.3).562
  • —, not applicable.