TABLE 4

Primary Reasons for Index and Subsequent Hospitalization for Patients Hospitalized With a PDN Care Plan at Time of Index Discharge

Hospitalization DiagnosisIndex Hospitalization (n = 188)First Subsequent Hospitalization (n = 163)
n (%)n (%)
Unplanned149 (79)138 (85)
 Infection78 (41)81 (49)
  Respiratory62 (33)61 (37)
  Systemic (eg, sepsis, generalized viral illness)7 (4)9 (6)
  Gastrointestinal3 (2)5 (3)
  Soft tissue3 (2)2 (1)
  Urinary2 (1)4 (2)
  Spinal1 (<1)0 (0)
 Device complication17 (9)18 (11)
  Central line (eg, malfunction, infection, rule-out infection)6 (3)6 (4)
  Respiratory (eg, decannulation, ventilator malfunction)4 (2)1 (<1)
  Gastrointestinal (eg, tube malfunction)3 (2)6 (4)
  Neurologic (eg, shunt malfunction, infection, leak)3 (2)4 (2)
  Other (eg, dialysis malfunction, orthopedic hardware)1 (<1)1 (<1)
 Gastrointestinal (eg, obstruction, bleed, pancreatitis, etc)15 (8)15(9)
 Prematurity or birth (ie, complications of, anomalies, etc)10 (5)0 (0)
 Seizures10 (5)9 (6)
 Noninfectious respiratory (eg, apnea, respiratory failure etc)5 (3)6 (4)
 Social (eg, abuse, social disarray, failed discharge plan, etc)3 (2)0 (0)
 Other (eg, fracture or dislocation, behavior, trauma etc)11(6)9 (6)
Planned (eg, sleep study, electrophysiology study, surgery, etc)39 (21)25 (15)
  • Primary reasons (as determined by chart review) for hospitalization, index hospitalization, and subsequent hospitalization (ie, first readmission) are shown by category.