TABLE 2

Intervention Group Patient Characteristics by Transfer Status

Intervention Group TotalRemained in IMCUTransferred to ICUP
N (%)207 (100)143 (69)64 (31)
Age, y, median (IQR)8.3 (2.4–14.5)9.8 (3.9–14.9)4.5 (1.1–10.6).002
Female sex, n (%)105 (50.7)71 (49.7)34 (53.1).644
Primary diagnosis, n (%)
 Pneumonia79 (38.2)54 (37.8)25 (39.1).916
 Other43 (20.8)29 (20.3)14 (21.9)
 Bronchiolitis34 (16.4)22 (15.4)12 (18.8)
 Asthma32 (15.5)23 (16.1)9 (14.1)
 Cystic fibrosis12 (5.8)10 (7.0)2 (3.1)
 Asthma and pneumonia7 (3.4)5 (3.5)2 (3.1)
Comorbidities, n (%)
 Seizure disorder59 (28.5)39 (27.3)20 (31.3).558
 History of aspiration43 (20.8)25 (17.5)18 (28.1).081
 Neuromuscular disease28 (13.5)21 (14.7)7 (10.9).467
 History of prematurity16 (7.7)7 (4.9)9 (14.1).023
Complex chronic condition flag, n (%)137 (66.2)90 (62.9)47 (73.4).056
Baseline NIV requirement, n (%)30 (14.5)21 (14.7)9 (14.1).906
  • NIV, noninvasive ventilation; —, not applicable.