TABLE 1

Maternal and Infant Characteristics Among Infants Diagnosed With Pharmacologically Treated NAS and Nonpharmacologically Treated NAS

Maternal CharacteristicsNonpharmacologically Treated NAS, n = 224Pharmacologically Treated NAS, n = 598P
Age in y, mean25.526.2.05
Education in y, mean1212.98
Race, n (%)
 African American<10a (1.8)15 (2.5).54
 White220 (98)583 (97).47
Depression or anxiety, n (%)41 (18)120 (20).57
HCV, n (%)19 (8)84 (14).03
Infant characteristics, n (%)
 Preterm (<37 wk gestational age)41 (18)92 (15).31
 Low birth wt (<2500 g)50 (22)131 (21).89
 Female110 (49)274 (45).40
 Respiratory complications44 (19)165 (27).02
 Feeding difficulties16 (7)54 (9).39
 Seizures<10a (0.45)24 (4).008
  • a Values of <10 suppressed.