TABLE 2

Bivariate Analysis of Licit and Illicit Exposures Among Infants With Pharmacologically Treated NAS and Nonpharmacologically Treated NAS

ExposureNonpharmacologically Treated NAS, n (%)Pharmacologically Treated NAS, n (%)P
Illicit substances
 THC68 (30)155 (25).20
 Cocaine19 (8)66 (11).28
 Methamphetamines<10a (2)20 (3).41
 PCP<10a (0.9)<10a (1.3).60
Additional substances
 Benzodiazepines69 (30.8)245 (40.9).008
 SSRIs33 (14.7)102 (17.1).4
 Tobacco176 (78.5)491 (82.1).25
 Gabapentin<10a (1.3)16 (2.7).26
 Tricyclic antidepressants<10a (2.2)<10a (1.5).47
  • a Values of <10 suppressed.