TABLE 1

Enrollee Characteristics and Rates of Follow-up After Psychiatric Hospitalization Within 7 Days and Within 30 Days (N = 1072)

Cohort, n (%)Follow-up Within 7 da, n (%)PFollow-up Within 30 da, n (%)P
No. hospitalizations1072356 (33.2)566 (52.8)
Age 6–10 y87 (8.1)29 (33.3).4146 (52.9).64
Age 11–15 y616 (57.5)195 (31.7)318 (51.6)
Age 16–19 y369 (34.4)132 (35.8)202 (54.7)
Male sex455 (42.4)136 (29.9).05221 (48.6).02
Female sex617 (57.6)220 (35.7)345 (55.9)
White740 (69.0)241 (32.6).02383 (51.8).12
African American178 (16.6)50 (28.1)90 (50.6)
Other race154 (14.4)65 (42.2)93 (60.4)
Cost-sharing group
 Low fee323 (30.1)115 (35.6).49171 (52.9).81
 Fee453 (42.3)152 (33.6)245 (54.1)
 Expansion287 (26.8)87 (30.3)146 (50.9)
 Exempt9 (0.8)2 (22.2)4 (44.4)
Rural-urban commuting area
 Urban765 (71.4)243 (31.8).05400 (52.3).21
 Large rural124 (11.6)36 (29.0)61 (49.2)
 Small rural115 (10.7)50 (43.5)69 (60.0)
 Isolated65 (6.1)25 (38.5)33 (50.8)
 Unknown3 (0.3)2 (66.7)3 (100.0)
Mental health providers within 25 miles
 0–42277 (25.8)89 (32.1).27135 (48.7).44
 43–108264 (24.6)98 (37.1)146 (55.3)
 109–232268 (25.0)92 (34.3)145 (54.1)
 233 or more263 (24.5)77 (29.3)140 (53.2)
Primary diagnosis group
 Depression525 (49.0)205 (39.1)<.001306 (58.5)<.001
 Mood disorder196 (18.3)55 (18.3).0996 (49.0).24
 Behavioral disorder149 (13.9)41 (27.5).1171 (47.7).18
 Bipolar disorder82 (7.7)17 (20.7).0134 (41.5).03
 Adjustment disorder44 (4.1)14 (31.8).8422 (50.0).70
 Psychosis36 (3.4)13 (36.1).7120 (55.6).74
 Other40 (3.7)11 (27.5).4317 (42.5).18
Hospital length of stay, d
 0–3209 (19.5)90 (43.1)<.001133 (63.6)<.001
 4–7548 (51.1)194 (35.4)322 (58.8)
 8 or more315 (29.4)72 (22.9)111 (35.2)
2013383 (35.7)117 (30.6).09205 (53.5).28
2014239 (22.3)95 (39.8)137 (57.3)
2015215 (20.1)66 (30.7)109 (50.7)
2016235 (21.9)78 (33.2)115 (48.9)
  • P value is based on a χ2 test. —, not applicable.

  • a Row percentages shown in parentheses (n with characteristic who meet the measure / n of all with characteristic × 100), which is interpreted as the rate of follow-up among those with that characteristic.