TABLE 1

Subject Characteristics

CharacteristicsControlInterventionP
Patient total, n (%)46 (51)47 (49)
 Age, y, n (%).46
  5–1026 (57)23 (49)
  11–1620 (43)24 (51)
 Female sex, n (%)19 (41)28 (60).08
 Psychiatric diagnosis,a yes, n (%)8 (17)8 (17).96
 Length of stay, d, mean ± SD2.1 ± 1.71.6 ± 1.1.07
 Previous hospitalizations, n (%).85
  036 (78)36 (77)
  1–310 (22)11 (23)
  4+00
Caretaker total, n (%)40 (54)34 (46)
 Age, y, n (%).11
  18–293 (8)1 (3)
  30–3913 (33)18 (53)
  40–4915 (38)14 (41)
  50–598 (20)1 (3)
  60+1 (3)0 (0)
 Female sex, n (%)32 (80)27 (79).95
 Marital status, n (%).11
  Single, never married4 (10)9 (26)
  Divorced or separated4 (10)1 (2)
  Married32 (80)24 (71)
Race and/or ethnicity, n (%).36
 African American3 (8)2 (6)
 Hispanic8 (20)2 (6)
 Asian American2 (5)2 (6)
 White26 (65)25 (74)
 Other1 (3)3 (9)
  • Categorical comparison was established by means of the χ2 test. Numerical comparison was established by means of an independent sample t test. —, not applicable.

  • a Anxiety, attention-deficit/hyperactivity-disorder, or depression.