TABLE 2

Characteristics of Patients and Caregivers Who Completed Admission Survey Questions and Follow-up Surveys

Admission Survey (N = 3651)Admission and Follow-up Surveys (N = 1734)
Insurance type, n (%)
 Commercial1971 (54.1)948 (54.7)
 Public1674 (45.9)786 (45.3)
Male sex, n (%)1899 (52.1)885 (51.0)
Race and/or ethnicity, n (%)
 Non-Hispanic white1922 (52.7)935 (53.9)
 African American or Black156 (4.3)54 (3.1)
 Hispanic711 (19.5)360 (20.8)
 Asian American220 (6.0)100 (5.8)
 Other, multiracial, or unknown636 (17.5)285 (16.4)
Language for care, n (%)
 English3321 (91.1)1538 (88.7)
 Spanish301 (8.3)184 (10.6)
 Other23 (0.6)12 (0.7)
Likely to need interpretation, n (%)a280 (7.9)165 (10.1)
PMCA
 Nonchronic1227 (33.6)567 (32.7)
 Noncomplex chronic1042 (28.6)480 (27.7)
 Complex chronic1381 (37.8)687 (39.6)
Income, $
 <15 000282 (7.7)111 (6.4)
 15 000–29 000462 (12.7)220 (12.7)
 30 000–50 000402 (11.0)187 (10.8)
 >50 0001627 (44.5)789 (45.5)
 Declined or missing878 (24.0)427 (24.6)
Parent highest education, n (%)
 Less than high school333 (9.2)180 (10.5)
 High school graduate599 (16.6)277 (16.1)
 Some college1262 (34.9)544 (31.7)
 Bachelor’s degree or more1425 (39.4)716 (41.7)
Patient age, y, mean (SD)6.9 (5.5)6.9 (5.5)
LOS, d, mean (SD)3.1 (5.6)3.1 (4.4)
PedsQL change score, mean (SD)b
 Total22.0 (24.1)
 Physical28.9 (33.6)
 Psychosocial15.1 (21.7)
30-d unplanned readmission, n (%)387 (10.6)126 (7.3)
Cumulative social disadvantage scorec
 0958 (34.8)478 (37.0)
 1768 (27.9)360 (27.8)
 2395 (14.4)160 (12.4)
 3295 (10.7)129 (10.0)
 4225 (8.2)99 (7.7)
 5110 (4)67 (5.2)
  • PMCA, Pediatric Medical Complexity Algorithm; —, not applicable.

  • a This combines self-reported degree of English proficiency with preferred language for communicating on the basis of survey responses (Table 1).

  • b Only shown for follow-up because the calculation of the change score requires admission and follow-up results.

  • c Shown only for those with complete data (before multiple imputation): N = 2751 for the admission survey and N = 1293 for the follow-up survey.