TABLE 4

Prevalence of Household Risk Factors

Household Risk FactorsOverall (N = 249)No Chronic Disease (n = 133)Noncomplex Chronic Disease (n = 44)Complex and Chronic Disease (n = 72)Pa
No. children under age 18 in the home, n (%).21
 1–3204 (83)108 (84)33 (75)63 (88)
 4 or more41 (17)21 (16)11 (25)9 (13)
No. additional children in household with a chronic condition, n (%)<.001
 0137 (56)92 (72)21 (49)24 (33)
 185 (35)30 (23)16 (37)39 (54)
 2 or more21 (9)6 (5)6 (14)9 (13)
School-aged child missed 10 or more d of school in past year, n (%)55 (53)17 (40)10 (42)28 (76).003
No. people age 18 and older in the home, n (%).87
 1–2154 (63)81 (63)29 (66)44 (61)
 3 or more91 (37)48 (37)15 (34)28 (39)
Caregiver general health status, n (%).96
 Not very good or poor16 (6)8 (6)3 (7)5 (7)
Caregiver behavioral or psychological concern, n (%)
 Anxiety and/or depression60 (25)31 (24)11 (26)18 (26).96
 ADD/ADHD, substance abuse, or other30 (13)16 (13)5 (12)9 (13).98
Caregiver has social or emotional support present218 (88)115 (86)41 (93)62 (86).46
Concerns caring for pet while child is ill, n (%)23 (9)13 (10)3 (7)7 (10).82
General issues with transportation, eg, work, grocery store, etc, n (%)20 (8)12 (9)3 (7)5 (7).80
Transportation is 100% reliable, n (%)219 (88)117 (88)38 (86)64 (89).91
  • ADD, attention-deficit disorder; ADHD, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder; —, not applicable.

  • a P value from χ2 test of association between medical complexity and potential risk factor.