TABLE 3

Prevalence of Socioeconomic Risk Factors

Socioeconomic Risk FactorsOverall (N = 249)No Chronic Disease (n = 133)Noncomplex Chronic Disease (n = 44)Complex and Chronic Disease (n = 72)Pa
Financial stress, any, n (%)85 (34)39 (29)19 (43)27 (38).19
 Having enough money for food66 (27)29 (22)16 (36)21 (29).14
 Paying for utilities and services (gas, water, etc)64 (26)28 (21)14 (32)22 (31).20
 Paying rent or mortgage60 (24)25 (19)16 (36)19 (26).05
 Working appliances (stove, refrigerator, etc)47 (19)25 (19)9 (20)13 (18).95
Housing concerns, n (%)
 Infestation problems (ie, mold, insects, rats or mice)19 (8)9 (7)5 (11)5 (7).59
 Unstable housing (ie, eviction, foreclosure, homelessness)13 (5)6 (5)4 (9)3 (4).44
Medical bills and insurance stress, any, n (%)91 (37)44 (33)20 (45)27 (38).33
 Problems paying child’s health care bills54 (22)29 (22)10 (23)15 (21).98
 Issues paying other family members’ health care bills47 (19)23 (17)11 (25)13 (18).52
 Caregiver or household member without health insurance24 (10)14 (11)3 (7)7 (10).76
 Child without health insurance in past 12 mo18 (7)11 (8)3 (7)4 (6).76
 No regular doctor for child or other household member16 (6)7 (5)8 (18)1 (1).001
Employment concerns, any, n (%)83 (33)39 (29)20 (45)24 (33).14
 Time off or changing responsibilities to care for a child52 (21)19 (14)14 (32)19 (26).02
 Finding a job28 (11)15 (11)5 (11)8 (11).99
 Disability interfering with work24 (10)10 (8)8 (18)6 (8).10
 Unpaid wages, worker’s compensation, discrimination, etc11 (4)9 (7)1 (2)1 (1).15
  • a P value from χ2 test of association between medical complexity and potential risk factor.